A new expedition contributed to important results for the island’s history on the life of Pre Colombian Communities at the archeological site of El Mango beach, located in the municipality of Rio Cauto in the province of Granma.
Evidence found at the site allowed the knowledge and affirms that these indigenous groups were not only collectors, hunters and fishermen as was known up until now, said Dr. Ulises Gonzalez Herrera, leader of the excursion which began last April 10th.
We know today that they did attend to agriculture, thanks to a study of organic residues incrusted in the teeth extracted of the human remains found on the site, said the researcher of the Cuban Anthropology Institute.
He said that the analysis were carried out in a laboratory of the University of Winnipeg, one of the institutions involved in the project and has allowed us to learn that the indigenous community cultivated sweat potato and corn.
Other results confirm that one of the main characteristics of the Pre Colombian settlers of El Mango beach is its location associated to the great lagoon systems at the Rio Cauto River basin, but always over soft slopes, said Gonzalez Herrera.
This pattern, said the specialist, reveals that they also knew of the benefits of placing their population in high areas compared to the sea level.
They are a population that lived thousands of years before the arrival of Spanish colonizers to the island, they did not have any script, or solid living structures, and its study is of special interest for the local and national history, he said.
He recalled that Bernardo Utset in 1941, doctor from Manzanillo whose hobby was archeology, discovered the important discovery, of great heritage value to Cuba and one of the most important in the Caribbean.
The site has supplied information on thousands of artefacts collected like shells, stones and wood, knives, axes, earrings and other body decoration used by the indigenous population on the archipelago.
The expedition is part of an archeological investigation project of low production level indigenous societies in Cuba that execute the Cuban Anthropology Institute, House of Cuban Nationality in Granma and the University of Winnipeg among other institutions, he concluded.
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